Can Either of the DubLi Auctions Be Considered Gambling Under US Gambling Law

For a transaction between two parties or two entities to be considered gambling, there must be 3 separate and distinct elements present: 1) Chance, 2) Consideration and 3) Prize. I will cover all three elements as the pertain to the Dubli Online Auctions1) – CONSIDERATION:In contract law consideration, when referred to in general terms, may mean anything of value. This could include anything from money to giving up the right to a future obligation or even a future act. However, in American Gambling Law, consideration refers strictly to money. The money must be put at risk in the transaction, and the player gets nothing in return for his or her money, other than, the opportunity to win a prize, determined only by chance. In addition, he or she must also stand to lose the money permanently for no gain, services or goods in return.The Standard Auction Model: In any traditional auction the element of “consideration” does not exist in the gambling sense. At the end of the auction the highest bidder gains the right to purchase the item or items being auctioned. Once the winning bidder pays for the item, the matter is resolved; assuming he or she can actually make the payment. The same is also true an “ordinary” reverse auction. There are numerous examples of Fortune 1000 companies’ utilizing the “ordinary” reverse auction with their vendors. Companies such as IBM, for example, have used reverse auctions in the past.The DubLi Auction Models: DubLi operates two auctions in their North American Market; the Express Auction and the Unique Bid Auction. In the express auction a consumer, in order to see the current price of a item, must expend one dubli credit, or 80. Here the consumer is not actually purchasing a chance to buy; they are merely paying for the right to view the current price of an item. Dubli does however, guarantee the consumer that the initial start price of that particular item is the lowest price they can find anywhere online. In addition, all of the items in the auctions are brand new brand name and fully warranted by the manufacturer.Each time a consumer clicks on the “Show Price” button, the price of the item drops 25. Therefore, the price of the item continues to go down until someone decides they like the price and they click on the “Buy Now” button.
In the Unique Bid Auction, the participant must expend an 80 cent credit in order to place a bid. In both auctions, the participant is spending an 80 cent credit to either check a price or to place a bid, and once that credit has been spent there is no refund possible. So in that sense, the element of consideration is present in the DubLi online auctions, both in the Express and the Unique Bid.2) – CHANCE:In US Gambling Law, the element of chance means that a given event is resolved by a random occurrence which is not under the control of any of the participants. For example, if an individual purchases a lottery ticket, skill will have nothing to do with outcome. The participant either picks the winning number or they don’t. In other words, it is merely by chance that the participant either picks the winning number or they don’t.In addition, for the element of chance to be present, it makes a difference if the person placing a bet is a participant in the event. For example, if two men are playing a game of chess, and they both agree the looser of the match has to pay the winner $30 that is not considered gambling. If however, two onlookers place a bet of $30 on the outcome of the chess game; that is considered gambling because the outcome of the match is not under the control of either of the onlookers.In the case of DubLi, the element of chance does not rise to the level required to be considered gambling. In the case of the DubLi Express Auction the resolution of the event is not dependent on some random occurrence. Rather the resolution is strictly dependent on the conduct of the participant. The price of a given item is decreased only by the actions of the participants. If for some reason no one clicks on Show Price, then the price never drops and there is no resolution to the auction.The “Unique Bid” Auction is very much in the same. A participant’s success in placing a winning “unique bid” has nothing to do with anything other than the efforts of the active participants in the auction. More than one participant may place an identical bid, but this is not caused by any random event.The element of chance, as defined in American gambling law, is minimal if not nonexistent. Although the outcome of a given reverse auction is not under the control of any one participant, the combined actions of all of the participants is the only input that can affect the final result. Therefore by definition, there is no random dispositive influence acting outside the control of the participants.3) – Prize:Again, in US Gambling Law, the definition of “prize” means essentially anything of value. Because the purpose of participation is to obtain valuable items such as iMacs or even brand new luxury cars at substantially reduced prices is the whole point of participating in Dubli’s reverse online auctions, the element of price is obviously present.In conclusion, because the element of chance, as defined in American gambling law, is not present in the Dubli auctions, these online auctions cannot be considered either games of chance or lotteries and therefore do not rise to the level of gambling.

Solitaire Lexicon – A Glossary of Terms Used in Solitaire & Patience Card Games

When you play solitaire card games, you’ll come across a few terms which you may not be familiar with, but which can help you to understand and appreciate the game.Ascending Sequence
A run of cards that goes up in value (e.g. 9-10-J).Building
Playing one card (or group of cards) upon another, according to the rules of the game. Building may be specified one or more in several ways, according to the rules of a particular game:

By Alternate Color – Build red on black, or black on red, regardless of suit
By Color – Build red on red, or black on black, regardless of suit
By Suit – Cards must be played in a sequence of the same suit
Down – Cards must be played in a sequence of descending rank
Regardless of Suit – Build using rank alone, ignoring color and suit
Up – Cards must be played in a sequence of ascending rank Color
A standard deck has two colors: Hearts and Diamonds are red, Clubs and Spades are black.Column
A vertical pile or group of cards.Deal
To turn up cards from the deck and place them in the leayout.Deck
Most games use a standard 52-card deck of playing cards with no Jokers. There are also many games that use two 52-card decks shuffled together. A few games use non-standard or cut decks.Descending Sequence
A run of cards that goes down in value (e.g. J-10-9).Discard
Cards permanently removed from play.Face Card
A King, Queen, or Jack.Foundation
This is the ultimate destination for cards in many games. The Foundations may be part of the original layout, or they may be created during gameplay, according to the rules of the particular games.Hand
Cards remaining after a layout has been dealt. A hand must generally be kept face down until called for in the game.Layout
The initial ordering or placement of the cards on the table (or screen). The layout includes the stock, wastepile, foundations, tableau, and reserve.Pack
Another name for a deck of cards.Patience
A single-player card game. Known as “solitaire” in America.Rank
The numerical order of the cards is generally A-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-J-Q-K, with the ace ranked lowest, and the king ranked highest. In some games the ranking is continuous — downwards from 3-2-A to K-Q-J, or upwards from J-Q-K to A-2-3. Also, in some games the ace is ranked above the king. In still other games, the ace may be ranked at the top or at the bottom as a player chooses.Redeal
To pick up cards from the layout and them re-deal them. In some games the cards must be picked up in a specified order. Also, some games the cards are shuffled between redeals, and in others they are not.Reserve
Some games include a reserve, which is generally pre-filled with cards from the stock during the initial deal. These cards can often only be removed from the reserve in specific ways, which vary from game to game.Row
A horizontal pile or group of cards.Shuffle
To randomize the cards in a deck. This is typically done be hand, by splitting the deck into halves and then riffling them back together a few times. A mechanical card-shuffler may also be used. In computer solitaire, the shuffling is performed by a random-number generator.Solitaire
A single-player card game. Known as “patience” in England.Stock
Where the cards are dealt from. At the start of a hand, the stock contains the entire deck (or decks). In general, cards are removed from the stock and played to the foundations, tableau, or waste, until the stock is empty.Suit
A standard deck of playing cards has four suits: Hearts ?, Diamonds ?, Clubs ?, and Spades ?. Each suit has 13 cards (2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, J, Q, K, A).Tableau
Single cards, groups of cards, or piles of cards, each of which may be manipulated as described in each game. The tableau is generally the part of each game that gives it its own distinct flavor.Value
The numerical value of a card. For number cards the value is simply the face value of the card (2, 3, 4, etc.). For the other cards, the ace generally has a value of 1, a jack has a value of 11, a queen has a value of 12, and a king has a value of 13.Wastepile
In many games, if a card cannot be played to a foundation or tableau pile, it is moved to a wastepile.Winning
This varies by game, but generally involves: putting all the cards into some predefined order; filling the foundations; or removing all the cards from the tableau.

Best Card Games for Family Night!

Most psychologists will tell you that having a designated family night will keep the family together over the long haul. And did you know this is one of the secrets of LDS Families? It sure is, and many of these families have nearly 10-members in the immediate family too, amazing indeed. A strong family unit is paramount in this day and age, and I think we all know that don’t we?So, how about “family night” well, yes, you should be doing this, how about once a week. And at family night you better make it fun for the “whole” family, yes everyone. You’ll need fun things to do, perhaps, centered-around dinner and entertainment, and something you can do together. So, how about a card game, one everyone can play. Remember everyone needs to be involved.The game cannot be so complex and complicated that only the older kids or parents can win, thus, you need a strong element of chance, where even a very strategic thinker and player cannot win every time, otherwise the younger kids will lose interest pretty fast. It must also be exciting, challenges and most importantly down-right fun! And who says you only have to pick one card game? Why not have several, giving more chances for fun.One game I recommend that you have on hand is “Uno” because it is easy to play, easy to learn, hard to cheat at, and gives everyone a fighting chance. Let’s say you are going to buy 5-different card games, 5-different board games. Then each week play different games, still, UNO is one game you can play each week, without anyone losing interest. Please consider all this.